General issues: Republic 1991-Present
Country name on general issues: Uzbekistan, O’zbekiston, Ўзбекистон
Currency: 1 Ruble = 100 Kopeks 1991-1993, Sum 1993-1994, 1 Sum = 100 Tejin 1994-Present
Population: 20 708 000 in 1991
Political history Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan is located in central Asia. The Uzbek khanates of Bukhara, Khiva and Kokand become part of the Russian Empire between 1868 and 1876. Within the Soviet Union, the Uzbek socialist Soviet republic is formed in 1924. In 1929, Tajikistan is separated from Uzbekistan and in 1936 the autonomous socialist Soviet republic of Karakalpakstan is added – Karakalpakstan being an autonomous republic within Uzbekistan until today. Thus, the borders as we know them today are defined. When the Soviet Union breaks up in 1991, the independent republic of Uzbekistan is proclaimed. Uzbekistan is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States formed after the breakup of the Soviet Union. The Uzbek economy is still largely based on cotton production, a mono culture established in the Soviet era. The continuing adherence to the former Soviet policies of a controlled economy does little to encourage foreign investments in the country.
Postal history Uzbekistan
Russian stamps have been used until 1992, when Uzbekistan issued its first stamps. A word of caution concerns stamps inscribed O’zekiston that are not recognized by the Uzbek postal authorities. These stamps are dated 2000 and 2001 and cover a wide range of issues mainly aimed at the thematic collector.