General issues: British protectorate 1964-1971, United Arab Emirates 1971-1972
Country name on general issues: Umm al Qiwain
Currency: 1 Rupee = 100 Naye Paise 1964-1967, 1 Riyal = 100 Dirham
Population: 4 000 in 1970
Political history Umm al-Qaiwain
Umm al-Qaiwain is an emirate on the Arabian peninsula in western Asia. At the start of the 19th century, British influence in the region increases and Umm al-Qaiwain, in 1820, becomes a British protectorate – as well as other emirates in the region, together called the Trucial States. The treaty of protection ends in 1971 and Umm al-Qaiwain gains independence. In the same year, several emirates in the region join to form the federation of the United Arab Emirates of which Umm al-Qaiwain is currently still a part. Umm al-Qaiwain is the least populous of the United Arab Emirates with some 50 000 inhabitants in 2008. Umm al-Qaiwain has no oil resources, the main economic activities are fishing and the cultivation of dates.
Postal history Umm al-Qaiwain
The first post office in Umm al-Qaiwain is opened in 1963 by the British Postal Agencies in Eastern Arabia. The Agencies were set up in 1948 to provide postal services to several countries in the region. Mail is processed via Dubai using the stamps issued for the Trucial States until 1964, the year in which Umm al-Qaiwain also issues its first stamps. After joining the United Arab Emirates in 1971, Umm al-Qaiwain continues to issue stamps until the issues of Umm al-Qaiwain are replaced by those of the United Arab Emirates in 1973.Many of the stamps of Umm al-Qaiwain issued after 1965 are disputed. Scott does not list them, Stanley Gibbons lists the issues from 1967 in the Appendix issues.