General issues: British protectorate 1933-1971, Emirate 1971-2002, Kingdom 2002-Present
Country name on general issues: Bahrain
Currency: 1 Rupee = 12 Annas = 12 Pies 1933-1957, 1 Rupee = 100 Naye Paise 1957-1966, 1 Dinar = 1000 Fils 1966-Present
Population: 90 000 in 1933, 1 343 000 in 2014
Political history Bahrain
Bahrain is an archipelago off the coast of the Arabian peninsula in western Asia. External threats lead to an increasing British influence in the 19th century resulting in Bahrain becoming a British protectorate in 1892. As the British withdraw from the region in the 1970’s, Bahrain becomes an independent emirate in 1971. In 2002, Bahrain is proclaimed a kingdom. Though oil production is still an important part of the Bahrain economy, Bahrain has been one of the first oil states to diversify its economy. Bahrain in particular has a strong banking sector.
Part of Bahrain are the Hawar islands close to the shores of Qatar. The Hawar islands have long been disputed between Bahrain and Qatar. A dispute that was settled in 2001.
Postal history Bahrain
The first post office was opened in Bahrain in 1884 as part of the British Indian postal services using the stamps of British India. As of 1933, stamps are issued for Bahrain, these being overprints on British Indian stamps. When British India gains independence in 1947, the postal services are taken over by the Pakistani postal service, shortly after to be transferred to the British Postal Agencies in Eastern Arabia that provide postal services for several countries in the region. The Agencies continue to issue stamps specifically for Bahrain, now overprints on stamps of Great Britain. The first definitives showing the sheikh of Bahrain are issued in 1953, valid only for domestic use. The postal services are fully taken over by the Bahraini in 1966.