General issues: Aden/British colony 1937-1963, Aden/Federation of South Arabia 1963-1965, Quaiti (State of Shihr and Mukalla) 1942-1955, Quaiti (State in Hadhramaut) 1955-1968, Kathiri (State of Seiyun) 1942-1968, Kathiri (State in Hadhramaut) 1967-1968, Mahra State 1968, State of Upper Yafa 1967
Country name on general issues: Aden
Currency: 1 Rupee = 16 Anna, 1 Anna = 12 Fils 1937-1951, 1 Shilling = 100 Cents 1951-1965, 1 Dinar = 1000 Fils 1965-1968
Population: Colony of Aden 138 000 in 1955
Political history Aden
Aden is located in western Asia. The city of Aden is captured by Great Britain in 1839 with the aim to protect the shipping routes to British India and British East Africa and to serve as a refueling station on those routes. In the following decades the British influence on the emirates in the Aden hinterland gradually grows. In 1886, the first formal treaty is signed. Eventually treaties with some 25 emirates are signed and the protectorate of Aden is formed.
Aden is at first governed from British India. In 1937, the city of Aden becomes a colony in its own right, reporting directly to the Colonial Office in London. In 1963, the colony of Aden is transformed into the State of Aden to become part of federation of South Arabia, still a British protectorate. With the exception of the State of Upper Yafa, most emirates in the west of the former protectorate of Aden joined the federation of South Arabia. The emirates in the east of the former protectorate of Aden joined to form the protectorate of South Arabia. In 1967, both the federation and the protectorate of South Arabia become part of the peoples republic of Yemen, often called South Yemen to distinguish it from the Arab republic of Yemen, often called North Yemen. North and South Yemen in 1990 join to form the republic of Yemen as we currently know it.
Postal history Aden
The post offices in Aden are run initially as part of the postal service of British India. When Aden becomes a separate colony it also gets its own postal administration and in 1937 the first stamps are issued in Aden. Aden issues stamps until 1965. The stamps of Aden are succeeded by those of the Federation of South Arabia, then those of South Yemen and currently the stamps of Yemen.
The stamps of the colony of Aden are also issued for use in the protectorate of Aden. However, in 1937 a number of emirates in the protectorate of Aden is allowed to issue stamps of their own. The reason being that these emirates object to the image of the British sovereign on the stamps of the colony of Aden. Thus, in 1942, Kathiri State and Qu’aiti State issue their first stamps. A 1939 postal union made the issues from Aden and the emirates valid in all of the colony and protectorate of Aden. Kathiri issued stamps first as Kathiri State of Seiyun and, from 1967 on, as Kathiri State in Hadhramaut. Qu’aiti issued stamps first as Qu’aiti State of Shihr and Mukalla and from 1955 as Qu’aiti State in Hadramaut. In 1967, Mahra State and the State of Upper Yafa also issued stamps. All these issues are succeeded by the stamps of South Yemen and after 1990 by those of Yemen. The emirates issues stamps until 1968 when they are already part of South Yemen.The stamps issued by the individual emirates from 1963 to 1968 are disputed. Related to their editorial policies some catalogs – Scott and Stanley Gibbons – have decided not to list these issues.