General issues: Republic 1964-Present
Country name on general issues: Zambia
Currency: 1 Pound = 20 Shilling, 1 Shilling = 12 Pence 1964-1968, 1 Kwacha = 100 Ngwee 1968-Present
Population: 3 596 000 in 1964, 14 540 000 in 2013
Political history Zambia
Zambia is located in eastern Africa. The current Zambia is colonized in the late 19th century by the British South African Company – a chartered company. Having signed treaties with the local rulers, from 1890, British protectorates are formed in 1899 and 1900. The borders are defined through treaties with the other colonial powers in the region between 1890 and 1894.
In 1911, the protectorate of Northern Rhodesia is formed, encompassing the Zambia as we know it until today. As the charter of the British South Africa Company ends, the administration of Northers Rhodesia is transferred to the British government in 1924. Northern Rhodesia will, from 1953 until 1963, be part of the federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland, of which Southern RhodesiaThe current Zimbabwe. and NyasalandThe current Malawi. are also a part.
The administration of Northern Rhodesia is in the hands of the white minority in the country for a long time. From the 1950’s, the black majority will organize itself politically and, in 1964, the first general elections are held. Northern Rhodesia in the same year gains independence as the republic of Zambia.
Upon independence, Zambia has a multi party political system. In 1972, a one party political system is introduced and a moderate socialist style economic policy. Although the Zambia government initially gained appraisal for its moderate policies – both politically and economically – opposition grows, and in 1991 the multi party system is reintroduced. The Zambia economy is highly dependent on copper production – the highs and lows of copper prices through the years being reflected in the performance of the economy.
Postal history Zambia
The first stamps issued in what today is Zambia, are issues of the British South Africa Company from 1890. These are, from 1925, superseded by the issues of Northern Rhodesia, from 1953, by those of the federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland and, from 1963, again by the last issue of Northern Rhodesia. Zambia has issued stamps from 1964.