General issues: Republic 1979-1994
Country name on general issues: Venda
Currency: 1 Rand = 100 Cent 1979-1994
Population: 449 000 in 1980
Political history Venda
Venda is located in southern Africa. Venda is one of the ‘homelands’, or ‘Bantustans’, formed by the apartheid regime in South Africa in the second part of the 20th century. The concept of the homelands is a continuation of the ‘native reserves’ – territories designated for the indigenous peoples of South Africa formed from the 19th century by the British and South African administrations. The concept of the homelands was that the black population of South Africa would move to and become citizens of the homelands, eventually, with independence for the homelands. Thus, a complete social and political segregation between the black and white population groups in South Africa would be realized. A total of ten homelands were established, together taking up 15% of South Africa for 80% of its population. All homelands gained a form of self government, four have become de jure independent. Independence of the homelands has not been recognized internationally. Eventually, 55% of the black population were relocated to the homelands. At the end of the apartheid regime in 1994, the homelands were dissolved.
Venda was the homeland for the Venda, one of the Bantu peoples in southern Africa to be found in South Africa but also in Botswana and Zimbabwe. Venda has been established as a homeland in 1969, gained self government in 1973 and became independent in 1979 as a republic.
Postal history Venda
Venda has issued stamps from 1979 until 1994. Before 1979 and after 1994, the stamps of South Africa were used.