General issues: Republic 1884
Country name on general issues: Stellaland
Currency: 1 Shilling = 12 Pence 1884
Population: 37 500 in 1884
Political history Stellaland
Stellaland is a Boer republic located in southern Africa. Its history was short but eventful. In 1882, Boers from the South African Republic support one of the Tswana rulers in his fight against competing Tswana rulers, and in return for their support are given part of his land. Since the 1881 Convention of Pretoria, signed by the Boer and the British, forbade the South African Republic to extend its territory further into Tswana land, two new republics were formed by the Boer: the State of Goshen and the republic of Stellaland. Goshen and Stellaland, subsequently, joined to form the United States of Stellaland in 1883.Some resources suggest the union between Stellaland and Goshen was negotiated, but never effectuated.
In 1884, in the aftermath of the First Boer War, the Convention of London is signed thus redefining the relations between the Boer and the British. As per this convention, part of the territory of Stellaland is ceded to the South African Republic. Both the British and the South African Republic have an interest in the remainder of Stellaland – both declaring Stellaland to be a protectorate. The British interest is that Stellaland is located on a trading route that is 0f importance to the British. In late 1884, the British invade and occupy Stellaland to protect their interests. In 1885, Stellaland is annexed to the British colony of Bechuanaland formed the same year.
Postal history Stellaland
Stellaland has, in 1884, issued a set of 5 definitives and one overprint with a new face value – all of the same local design and print. The stamps were valid for domestic use until late 1885. The remaining stock was sold to the collectors market. Used items have substantially higher catalog values than their mint counterparts.