General issues: British protectorate 1925-1953, British protectorate 1963-1964
Country name on general issues: Northern Rhodesia
Currency: 1 Pound = 20 Shilling, 1 Shilling = 12 Pence 1923-1953 and 1963-1964
Population: 1 060 000 in 1924, 3 596 000 in 1964
Political history Northern Rhodesia
Northern Rhodesia is located in eastern Africa. In the mid 19th century the most important indigenous kingdom in the future Northern Rhodesia is Barotseland. From 1889, the British South Africa Company will be active in Northern Rhodesia. The British South Africa Company is a chartered company. The charter of the British South Africa Companies encompasses both Northern and Southern Rhodesia. The British South Africa Company colonizes Northern Rhodesia by signing treaties with the local rulers from 1890. Subsequently, in 1899 and 1900 respectively, the protectorates of Northwest Rhodesia and Northeast Rhodesia are formed – these to be joined to form the protectorate of Northern Rhodesia in 1911, still administered by the British South Africa Company.
The charter of the British South Africa Company ends in 1923, and in 1924 the administration of Northern Rhodesia is transferred to the British government. From 1953 until 1963, Northern Rhodesia will form the federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland, together with Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Northern Rhodesia is long governed exclusively by the white minority in the country. In the 1950’s, the black majority more and more manifests itself, and in 1964 the first general elections are held. Northern Rhodesia gains independence as the republic of Zambia the same year.
Postal history Northern Rhodesia
The British South Africa Company issues stamps for the territories under its control from 1890. The issues of the British South Africa Company will, from 1925, be superseded by the issues from Northern Rhodesia. Most stamps issued by Northern Rhodesia are of the general designs for the British colonies. From 1954 until 1963, the stamps of the federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland are used. In 1963, Northern Rhodesia will issue one last set of stamps – these to be superseded by the issues of the republic of Zambia from 1964.